Residential immovable – subject or not to GST and QST - Declaration to be made in the mandatory new forms of brokerage contract and promise to purchase
The brokerage contract and promise to purchase mandatory forms for residential brokerage include the obligation to specify whether or not an immovable is subject to goods and services tax (GST) and Québec sales tax (QST).
Generally, the sale of a residential complex that is not newly constructed and has not undergone substantial renovations is exempt from GST and QST.(1)
Use of clause R2.3 to cancel a first promise to purchase conditional upon the sale of the buyer’s immovable
Clause R2.3 of Annex R – Residential immovable allows for the acceptance of a promise to purchase conditional upon cancellation of a promise previously accepted by the seller. With this clause, the seller promises to undertake, in good faith and at his own expense, reasonable steps to obtain cancellation of every previously accepted promise to purchase the immovable.
Sometimes a seller decides that he no longer wishes to sell his immovable and wants to terminate the brokerage contract by which he entrusted the sale of his immovable to a broker or agency. A buyer or lessor can also sometimes wish to terminate a brokerage contract.
Before examining the various cases in which remuneration is payable by the seller to the agency or the broker acting on his own account, let us briefly consider what form the broker’s remuneration may have under the Exclusive brokerage contract – Sale.
How long should a brokerage contract last? The answer is simple: it is up to the consumer and the agency or the broker to determine the length of the contract. There are no rules in the Act or the regulations stipulating a minimum or maximum term for a brokerage contract.
When a promise to purchase provides for a pyrite test and a real estate broker specifies a percentage above which the buyer can withdraw in the clause, the broker can be considered at fault professionally. This practice, which has often been reported to the Organization, presents a serious risk to clients.
When seeing a "House for Sale by Owner" sign, you initiated the conversation with the owner and offered to do business with him to sell his property. He then tells you: "I do not want to know anything about a brokerage contract, but if you find me a buyer, I'll give you a little something.” Despite that, you start looking for the future buyer, obviously unaware that this approach could cost you a lot.
The Info OACIQ information centre often gets calls from selling owners inquiring about the risk of signing a new brokerage contract upon the expiry of the initial contract. They wonder if they are therefore released of their obligation to pay compensation under the first contract.
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